How does vision change with age?

How does vision change with age?

Vision changes are a normal part of aging. Natural changes occur to our eyes over several decades, affecting how we see, starting at the age of 40. Some of the changes include:

  • The eye lens becomes less flexible, limiting its ability to change focus from the objects that are close to the ones that are far.
  • The muscles responsible for controlling pupil size and reaction to light weaken, causing a reduced pupil size. 
  • The eye lens sometimes discolors and causes light penetrating the eye to be scattered.
  • The vitreous in the eye starts to liquefy and move away from the retina.
  • The eyes start to produce fewer tears.

Vision Changes in the 40s

At this age, your eye’s focusing power is never the same. You might start noticing your ability to see things that are close lessons, which is why many people use reading optical lenses after the age of 40. This condition is referred to as presbyopia. To start seeing near objects, you will need to wear an eyeglass lens.

Vision Changes in the 50s

At the age of 50, your presbyopia will likely become worse. Other changes that you might notice include;

  • You might experience problems with headlights when driving or glare from the sun.
  • You might require more light working or reading
  • Your eyes may become drier and more irritated
  • You might start having trouble distinguishing colors

Vision Changes in the 60s 

You’ll likely notice more changes to your vision. You might need changes to your prescribed optical lens. At this age, you’ll probably notice:

  • A decrease in your peripheral vision
  • You require more ambient light for work or reading
  • You see floaters. 

According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, people between 55 and 64 should have a thorough eye checkup every year. Be sure to see a doctor if you notice any of the above symptoms. 

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